The Rose Report (2009) defines dyslexia as the following:
Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling. Characteristic features of dyslexia are difficulties in phonological awareness, verbal memory and verbal processing speed. Dyslexia occurs across the range of intellectual abilities. It is best thought of as a continuum, not a distinct category, and there are no clear cut-off points. Co-occurring difficulties may be seen in aspects of language, motor co-ordination, mental calculation, concentration and personal organisation, but these are not, by themselves, markers of dyslexia.
Facts About Dyslexia
- Dyslexia comes from the Greek word ‘Dys’ which means difficulty and ‘lexia’ meaning words or language.
- Dyslexia is thought to have a genetic basis as it often runs in families.
- Dyslexia can co-exist with other specific learning difficulties such as dyspraxia, ADHD and dyscalculia.
- Although dyslexia cannot be ‘cured’, strategies can be implemented which support individuals to use their strengths to support their area of weakness.
- Unidentified and unsupported dyslexia can lead to poor self-esteem and lack of motivation. This can lead to behavioural problems.